Exploration for alternative energy sources to minimise climate changes and also to balance the ill-effects created by carbon on living beings, has been an on-going process. Below are some of the most sustainable energy and less-carbon emitting energy sources in surplus at present.
Replenishing Energy Sources
- Solar Power
A rapid growing energy source which is renewable , especially when in combination along with other form of energy producing methodology is solar power. Sometimes the city of California produce more solar energy when compared to the actual consumption and plans are to make provision so as to share the same to all neighbouring cities across state lines. The city is targeting by 2030 to have 50% of its energy source to be generated by sources that can be renewed. This energy generating methodology is not only cost-efficient but also emanates zero carbon amount.
- Wind Power
Wind power capacity of 63 GW and more were included in the year 2015. This made wind energy as the most efficient and rapid in growth sector when it came to sustainable energy. China has the highest wind deployment investments. The main advantage that wind has over solar is its ability to produce energy through the night. Power sustenance and its capacity to emit no carbon content into air is great.
- Geothermal Energy
Having a steady loading rate is the greatest benefit when it comes to geothermal energy. Geothermal energy fluctuates so rarely as no effects of weather and also does not get affected by the seasonal changes. Other technologies make variable energy. Europe and North America are the two countries which are not only the largest producer but also the greatest consumer of the same.
Hydro-based Energy Source
Across the globe the lowest and the most cost-effective of reasonable energy is Hydroelectricity. This form of energy create no wastage, emission carbon is low and adjustable depend of the variable demand. Domestic fishing and native wildlife, both are affected because of having large dams as part of hydroelectricity. More precautions are to be kept in mind while building reservoirs and dams.
- Hydro kinetic Energy
The generation of energy from wave, tide, river in-stream and ocean are termed as hydrokinetic energy. Hydro kinetic energy is not a fully developed energy source when compared to most of the well-established power generating forms, namely hydroelectricity. But the potential hydro kinetic energy shows in future is great. Similar to that of geothermal energy, the potential loading rate of Hydro kinetic energy is enhanced due to regular flow of waves and tidal patterns.